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Order of Battle

Page history last edited by PBworks 17 years, 1 month ago

This section looks at the historical orders of battle for Operation Market Garden

 

Allied Forces

 

The allied Airborne Forces were all from the newly formed First Allied Airborne Army, commanded by Lieutenant-General Bereton. The key units were:

  • British 1st Airborne Division
  • Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group
  • American 82nd Airborne Division
  • American 101st Airborne Division
  • American 17th Airborne Division (assembling not used in OMG)
  • British 52nd (Lowland) Division (Air transportable, planned as a reinforcement, but not used)

 

The airborne forces were of varied experience the American 82nd and 101st had recent combat experience in Normandy (and 82nd had dropped in Sicily). The British 1st had never fought as a division before (and had a new commander who was from an infantry background), but their 1st Brigade had fought in Tunisia and Sicily.

 

Details of the Allied Airborne OOB

 

The ground forces came under the command of British XXX Corps, commanded by General Horrocks. The main units were:

  • Guards Armoured Division
  • 43rd (Wessex) Division
  • 50th (Northumbrian) Division
  • 8th Armoured Brigade

 

On the flanks of XXX corps were VIII and XII corps.

 

Details of British ground forces

 

 

German Forces

The German forces throughout OMG were a series of Kampfegruppe collected around cadres from the remnants of experienced units.

 

At Arnhem was the impressive sounding 2nd SS Panzer Korps. But this formation was re-grouping after having been virtually destroyed in Normandy, it consisted of the 9th SS and 10th SS Panzer Divisions, but both formations were virtually without tanks, their only mobile units being their recon battalions.

 

The initial resistance came from the weak German forces scattered across the airborne corridor - but very quickly the Germans organised a powerful defence, bringing in units from German and other parts of the Netherlands. It was these forces from outside the OMG area that caused the Allied forces the most problems.

 

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